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Mt. Gambier's Blue Lake

_AUS6773SonnyI had no heard about the blue lakes of Mt. Gambier ( Jacqui did ) and it is truely a remarkable blue colour _AUS6781SonnyHere's some info I found
Mount Gambier.
The maar crater, with a 5km circumference, is now a volcanic lake, and is the local township's water supply.
The depth of water and volume of Blue Lake are approximately 70 m and 36x106 m3 (36,000 ML) respectively. The steep walls of the lake result in a surface catchment area (0.9x106 m2).
Why does the Lake change colour?
There were many theories about the famous colour change of the Lake, from grey in winter to vivid blue in summer and the following summarises the general understanding from recent research.
The colour change happens over a few days in late November and early December and continues to deepen during summer. The clear water in Blue Lake turns vibrant blue in summer for two reasons.
First, the higher position of the sun in summer than in winter means more light hits the surface of the Lake. This increases the blue light that is scattered back out from the Lake by small particles. Pure water tends to scatter light in the blue range, small particles (such as CaCO3 or calcium carbonate crystals) scatter light in the blue-green range and dissolved organic matter, (tannins) scatter in the yellow-brown range.
Second, during spring the surface of the Lake warms, dissolved carbon dioxide is released into the air as a gas, the pH increases and this water becomes over-saturated in calcite which begins to precipitate out.
Tiny calcite crystals form and as they fall down to the bottom of the Lake they capture organic material cleaning this matter from the water.
Each year a new layer of calcite about 3mm thick and organic material 1mm thick settles on the bottom of the Lake.
It is generally accepted that there is an annual calcium precipitation cycle which has a role in clarifying the Lake around November, which precedes the colour change to blue.
Carbon Dioxide ( CO2 ).
" This change in water colour can be explained by the effect of CO2.
As CO2 degasses from the magma and migrates to surface it reacts with the Mount Gambier Limestone. This reaction dramatically increases the concentration of calcium dissolved in the water.
The change in temperature of the Ca-rich lake causes the calcium to become supersaturated and precipitate out of solution. Micro-crystallites of calcium carbonate refract the sunlight to the blue wavelength light that is seen.  " _AUS6787Sonnynormal suburban looking landscape on the slopes of the volcano _AUS6795Sonny

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